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BRL 1964, GE 200 BANK TRANSIT, starting page 0096

 
 

GE 200 BANK TRANSIT

MANUFACTURER
General Electric Company

APPLICATIONS
The Bank Transit System is designed to meet the requirements of all bank 
transit operations.

Commercial and Federal Reserve Bank TransitProof, Sort, and List checks for 
all sending points during the out-clearing transit operation.
Commercial Bank Proof-of-Deposits and In-Clearings-Proof, Sort, and List 
checks and create Magnetic Tape for the on-us items to update demand deposit. 
Distribute outgoing items to their sending points and print cash item
lists.

The Bank Transit System is designed to meet the needs of the smaller check 
transit processing center as well as the very largest ones. Specific options 
provide unique systems flexibility plus an almost limitless growth
potential.

As the load increases, additional equipment and systems are available. 
Expansion to the larger and more powerful GE-225 or GE-235 has been made 
easy by not requiring reprogramming, retraining, overtime rental, or
additional personnel.

PROGRAMMING AND NUMERICAL SYSTEM
Internal number system      Binary coded decimal
Binary digits/word          20
Binary digits/instruction   20
Instructions/word            1
Instructions/decoded       200
 Over 200 instructions available
Arithmetic system           Fixed and floating point
Floating point is available either by subroutine
or optional Auxiliary Arithmetic Unit.
Instruction type            One address
Number range single word (± 524,287)  double words(± 274,877,906,943)

ARITHMETIC UNIT
               Incl. Stor. Access
               Microsec
Add                36
Mult              288
Div               495
Arithmetic mode    Parallel
Timing             Synchronous
Operation          Concurrent
Simultaneous read, write and compute.

STORAGE
                  No. of    No. of Binary    Access
 Medium           Words     Digits/Word      Microsec
 Magnetic Core    4,096          20            18
 Each 20 binary digit word contains 3 alphabetic or 5 numeric characters 
(BCD). The access time includes fetch-from-storage and execution time.
Magnetic Tape
 No. of units that can be connected        8 Units
 No. of chars/linear inch                200 Chars/inch
 Channels or tracks on the tape            7 Track/tape
 Blank tape separating each record         0.75 Inches
 Tape speed                               75 Inches/sec
 Transfer rate                        15,000 Chars/sec
 Start and stop time, total               12 Millisec
 Average time for experienced
operator to change reel of tape           30 - 60 Seconds
 Physical properties of tape
Width                                      0.5 Inches
Length of reel                         1,200 or 2,400 Feet
Composition                               Mylar
Tapes can be read forward or backward.
Tape units may read or write in either decimal or binary modes. Tape 
formats are compatible with popular competitive tape decimal and 
binary formats used in the industry.

INPUT
Medium                Speed             Remarks
Punched Cards           400 cards/min
Paper Tape
Magnetic Tape
Typewriter Keyboard      Manual
Document Handler      1,200 doc/min 12-pocket
The 12-pocket Document Handler has the optional endorsement feature that 
saves document handling time. It reads and endorses 1,200 documents/min 
and two handlers can be placed on line to achieve an input rate of
over 140,000 documents/hour.

New features include double-action positive pocketing, multiple document 
feed inhibitor, and an improved character reader.

Speed - 1,200 serially-fed documents/min - all size documents up to nine 
inches may be read. Intermixed sizes do not decrease input rate.

Optional Features
Endorser - prints a 3/4 inch by 1 3/4 inch stamp in one of nine different 
locations on the back of each check passed through the Document Handler, 
without reducing the input speed. The three horizontal positions of the
endorsing stamp can be changed by the operator. The endorsement stamp 
contains six items:
1. Bank transit number, 2. Date (operator changeable - no tools), 3. Name 
of bank, 4. City and state, 5. Pay any bank P.E.G., 6. Six variable digit 
positions (0 - 9, operator changeable, no tools required)

Transposition Check Digit Verifier - checks for transposed numbers using 
the Mod-11 technique. This feature is used to check customer account numbers.

OUTPUT
Medium                  Speed
High-Speed Printer        300 lines/min
Punched Cards             100 cards/min
Typewriter
Multiple Tape Lister    1,900 lines/min
Five item listings and a master list are printed under program control. Two 
Multiple-Tape Listers can be on line for preparation of eleven separate listings, 
plus a master list. A maximum of four Multiple-Tape Listers can be
connected to the Central Processor.
Print Specifications - 24 printable positions on each of six tapes. Ten 
characters/horizontal inch. Six lines/vertical inch. Any data character 
can be designated to print on the master and a list, or on the master only, 
or on the list only.
Paper Specifications. Each tape is 3 1/2 inches wide, with 7-inch fanfolds. 
Continuous pager is edge perforated with feed holes on the right edge only. 
An original and two carbons may be printed depending on the paper
weight. The number of carbon copies need not be the same for each of the 
six lister positions.


BRL 1964, GE 200 BANK TRANSIT, starting page 0097
 

Paper Advance. Each of the six lists can be independently directed to 
advance paper either one line, or to the top of the next form.
Concurrent Operations. The Multiple-Tape Lister has its own data channel to 
memory. It can operate concurrently with the central processor and other 
input output equipment.
The Character Set is 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . , -. * R
The system handles over 140,000 cash items/hour.

CHECKING FEATURES
Error Checking Features. As the data is received by the lister from the 
computer, it is monitored continually and is checked for accuracy using a 
parity check method. Visual buffer overflow indication. on the list warns of
possible loss of data. Print line check sends an alarm signal if any hammer 
fails to be energized during a print cycle.

Parity is generated on data before it is sent to the central processor from 
the document handler. Accuracy of data is checked as it arrives at the 
central processor. The Document Handler produces signals indicating errors
that may be interrogated by the program.

POWER, SPACE, WEIGHT, AND SITE PREPARATION
Power, computer         3.455 Kw 5.9 KVA
Weight, computer    2,100 lbs
 Site preparation requirements.
 208/120 volt 3 phase, 4 wire, 60 cycle/sec



    
Photo by General Electric Company





BRL 1964, GE 215, starting page 0098
 
 

GE 215

MANUFACTURER General Electric Company Photo by General Electric Company APPLICATIONS The GE-215 is a low-cost small-to-medium scale, solid-state information processing system adaptable for handling a wide range of application in manufacturing, finance and banking. GE-215 is completely hardware and program compatible with the larger GE-225 and the even more powerful GE-235. The user-oriented design and features for the GE-215 are found in the GE-225. This design and compatibility provides economical upward expansion and growth through the GE-215/225/235 series. The GE-215 can perform six simultaneous operations while computing and has six input-output channels to memory. The card reader and card punch access memory directly through their respective channels. The paper tape reader and punch and console typewriter access memory through a special channel. In addition, a choice of three peripheral controllers (magnetic tape, printer, etc.) can access memory via three other input-output channels. This simultaneity is possible because of a unique design concept whereby (1) each major I/0 device controls itself and executes its own I/0 commands, and (2) access to memory is time shared by all peripherals without conflict. PROGRAMMING AND NUMERICAL SYSTEM Internal number system Binary coded decimal Binary digits/word 20 Binary digits/instruction 20 Instructions/word 1 Instructions decoded Over 300 instructions available. Arithmetic system Fixed and floating point Floating point is available either by subroutine or optional Auxiliary Arithmetic Unit. Instruction type One address Number range single word (± 524,287) double words (± 274,877,906,943) Instruction word format +------+--------------+---------+ | 0 4 | 5 6 | 7 19 | +------+--------------+---------+ | OP | Address | Operand | | Code | Modification | Address | +------+--------------+---------+ Automatic built-in subroutines Automatic priority logic for simultaneous operations. Automatic coding GECOM - A General Compiler, in English, with a COBOL language foundation. It includes many ALGOL features (subscripting, evaluation of Boolean and algebraic expressions, floating point calculations, etc.). GECOM accepts a source program from cards or magnetic tape and produces an object program on either media. TABSOL - TABular Systems Oriented Language. Allows source programs to be described in tabular form. It is a structure technique used to describe the step-by-step decision logic in the process of solving a problem.

BRL 1964, GE 215, starting page 0099
 


General Electric Datanet 30      Photo by General Electric Company

   WIZ - An Algebraic Compiler.
   FORTRAN II (Card Input/Output) FORTRAN II (Tapes) GAP - The General 
   Assembly Program Simulators for the IBM 650 and LGP 30
   Supervisory Programs include BRIDGE. A report generator includes 
       REPORT WRITER.
Registers and B-Boxes 
  A - An accumulator
  Q - Used with A for double length arithmetic opns.
  B - Buffer register
  M - Information transfer register for data transfers  to or from memory
  AU- Arithmetic unit
  N - Buffer register for paper tape equipment and  console typewriter
  I - Instruction register 
  X - Address modification words 
  P - Instruction address counter
An optional feature to the central processor is single or double - length 
addition and subtraction on decimal data (six-bit BCD form).

Other optional central processor features include additional address 
modification groups ( 4 words each group, 31 groups), three-way compare, 
move command provides high-speed block data transfers, automatic program
interrupt (for priority program processing), and a real-time clock 
(useful for timing and logging operations).

ARITHMETIC UNIT
             Incl. Stor. Access  
             Microsec
Add             72
Mult           342 (Avg.)
Div            531 (Avg.)
Construction (Arithmetic Unit Only)  Transistors and Diodes
Arithmetic mode       Parallel
Timing                Synchronous
Operation             Sequential
 Total System         Concurrent

STORAGE
               No. of                 Access
               Words                  Microsec
Core             4,096 or 8,192         36
Disk           393,216
 Maximum of 4 disk storage units per GE 215 system
Magnetic Tape  Variable
(Depends on blocking factor)
One word (in binary) holds the equivalent of 5 1/2 decimal digits. One word 
will hold 3 alphanumeric characters (6-bit BCD); two words 6 characters.


BRL 1964, GE 215, starting page 0100
 


General Electric Datanet 600 Photo by General Electric Company
      
The minimum instruction execution time includes
word regeneration for future use.
Magnetic Tape
 No. of units that can be connected       8 Units
 No. of chars/linear inch               200 Chars/inch
 Channels or tracks on the tape           7 Track/tape
 Blank tape separating each record        0.75 Inches
 Tape speed                              75  Inches/sec
 Transfer rate                       15,000 Chars/sec
 Start and stop time, total              12 Millisec
 Average time for experienced
operator to change reel of tape          30 - 60 Seconds
 Physical properties of tape
 Width                                    0.5 Inches
 Length of reel                       1,200 or 2,400 Feet
 Composition                              Mylar
Tapes can be read forward or backward.
Tape units may read or write in either decimal or binary modes. Tape 
formats are compatible with popular competitive tape decimal 
and binary formats used in the industry.

INPUT
Medium                           Speed
Card Readers (2 Models)          400 or 1,000 cards/min
Paper Tape Reader                250 chars/sec
 (Reads 5, 6, 7, or 8 level tapes)
Magnetic Tape                 15,000 chars/sec
Disk Units                    62,500 chars/sec
Datanet-15                        75 to 1,600 bits/sec
 (Data Communications controller
Document Handler                 750 documents/min
Card reader reads binary or decimal cards (Hollerith).

OUTPUT
 Medium                         Speed 
Card Punches (2 Models)           100 or 300 cards/min
Punches binary or decimal cards (Hollerith).
Magnetic Tape                  15,000 chars/sec
Disk Units                     62,500 chars/sec
Datanet-15                         75 to 1,600 bits/sec
High Speed Printer                450 lines/min (On-line only)
Paper Tape Punch                  110 chars/sec
 (Punches 5, 6, 7 or 8-level codes under control of
central processor .
Output typewriter                  10 chars/sec

BRL 1964, GE 215, starting page 0101
 
 
A read-cards-intermixed feature is optional. It permits reading decimal and 
binary cards in random sequence.

4, 8, 12 or 16 disk modules are available.
In addition to the Datanet-15, the General Electric line of data 
communication equipment for use on the "compatible" GE-215, 225 and GE-235 
includes the Datanet-30 programmed data communication system, the
Datanet-600 paper tape terminal, the Datanet-90 magnetic tape-to-computer 
terminal, the Datanet-91 off-line magnetic tape-to-magnetic tape terminal. 
A variety of special digital input/output devices, peripheral device
switching controllers, plotter interface units, and the input/output 
typewriter are available.

A GE-900 lines/minute printer for off-line use only is also available.

CIRCUIT ELEMENTS OF ENTIRE SYSTEM
 A typical GE-215 system with 8,192 words of core
storage includes the following components:
 More than 1,500 parts         20,000 diodes
 Over 1,000 circuit boards     12,000 capacitors
 10,000 transistors            15,000 resistors
 186,000 magnetic cores
To assure reliability and performance, each system receives over 3,500 
manhours of assembling and testing before shipment.

CHECKING FEATURES
The central processor and each peripheral input output subsystem has 
complete fixed checking features

POWER, SPACE, WEIGHT, AND SITE PREPARATION
Power, computer 16 KVA
(Approximate for typical system).
Room size 1,200 sq ft (Typical system)

PRODUCTION RECORD
Time required for delivery 3 to 6 months
 (Depending on configuration of system).

PERSONNEL REQUIREMENTS
Specialized training courses are provided as required.

ADDITIONAL FEATURES AND REMARKS
Complete hardware and software compatibility allows a user to grow 
economically and flexibly in the GE-215/225/235 series as his processing 
needs expand.
 From the GE-215 up through the GE-235, a user receives a six-fold increase 
in processing throughpu for only a 15-20% increase in his system investment.

                  COST, PRICE AND RENTAL RATES
MODEL
NUMBER
IDENTITY OF UNIT MONTHLY
RENTAL
PURCHASE
. CENTRAL PROCESSOR, CONSOLE, & TYPEWRITER (incl 3-hub Controller Selector) $ $
CA215A w/4,096 core stor. locations 2,200 140,650
CB215A w/8,192 core stor. locations 2,500 169,200
. OPTIONAL FEATURES
. Move Command 75 3,300
. Automatic Priority Interrupt 75 3,800
. 3-Way Compare, Dec. Addition & Subtraction, & Additional Ad- dress Modification Groups 200 4,410
. Real-Time Clock 75 3,600
. Console Typewriter Input 200 9,600
X225A Auxiliary Arithmetic Unit 650 32,500
. CORE STORAGE: Incl in Central Processor
M640A Disk Storage Unit available in 4, 8, 12 or 1 6 disks 1,725 76,000
. INPUT-OUTPUT
. PAPER TAPE PUNCH & READER
GA651A w/Spooler 490 22,000
GA651B w/o Spooler 440 19,800
. CARD READER & CONTROLLER
D225B 400 cards/minute 375 18,350
D225C 1,500 cards/minute 810 32,400
. CARD PUNCH & CONTROLLER
E225K 100 cards/minute 400 21,460
E225M 300 cards/minute 825 41,150
P215E High-Speed (450 LPM) Printer & Controller 775 60,000
MIH680 Dual Magnetic Tape Handler (15,000 chars/sec) 850 33,000
S12A Magnetic Ink Document Handler 1,750 87,500
DTC901 DATANET-15 690 30,000
. CONTROLLERS
M225B Disk Storage Unit Controller 900 46,250
MTC680 Magnetic Tape Controller 800v 37,500
SA225A Magnetic Ink Document Handler Adapter (For 1 Handler) 540 21,600
PURCHASE PRICE of a typical system $375,000 LEASE RATE of a typical system $6,500


BRL 1964, GE 225, starting page 0102
 


GE 225

MANUFACTURER General Electric Company Photo by General Electric Company APPLICATIONS The GE-225 is a medium-scale, solid-state data processing system adaptable for handling a wide range of business and scientific applications. GE-225 hardware and software is completely compatible with both the GE- 215 and the more powerful GE-235. This compatibility, plus the full read-compute-write simultaneity of the system, offers maximum throughput efficiency per system investment dollar. PROGRAMMING AND NUMERICAL SYSTEM Internal number system Binary coded decimal Binary digits/word 20 Binary digits/instruction 20 Instructions/word 1 Instructions decoded Over 300 instructions available. Arithmetic system Fixed and floating point Floating point is available either by subroutine or optional Auxiliary Arithmetic Unit. Instruction type One address Number range single word (± 524,287) double words (± 274,877,906,943) Instruction word format +------+--------------+---------+ | 0 4 | 5 6 | 7 19 | +------+--------------+---------+ | OP | Address | Operand | | Code | Modification | Address | +------+--------------+---------+ Automatic built-in subroutines Automatic priority logic for simultaneous operations. Automatic coding GECOM - A General Compiler, in English, with a COBOL language foundation. It includes many ALGOL features (subscripting, evaluation of Boolean and algebraic expressions, floating point calculations, etc.). GECOM accepts a source program from cards or magnetic tape and produces an object program on either media. TABSOL - TABular Systems Oriented Language. Allows source programs to be described in tabular form. It is a structure technique used to describe the step-by-step decision logic in the process of solving a problem. WIZ - An Algebraic Compiler. FORTRAN II (Card Input/Output) FORTRAN II (Tapes) GAP - The General Assembly Program Simulators for the IBM 650 and LGP 30 Supervisory Programs include BRIDGE. A report generator includes REPORT WRITER. Registers and B-Boxes A - An accumulator Q - Used with A for double length arithmetic opns. B - Buffer register M - Information transfer register for data transfers to or from memory AU- Arithmetic unit N - Buffer register for paper tape equipment and console typewriter I - Instruction register X - Address modification words P - Instruction address counter An optional feature to the central processor is single or double - length addition and subtraction on decimal data (six-bit BCD form). Other optional central processor features include additional address modification groups ( 4 words each group, 31 groups), three-way compare, move command provides high-speed block data transfers, automatic program interrupt (for priority program processing), and a real-time clock (useful for timing and logging operations). One binary word is the equivalent of 5 1/2 decimal digits. In BCD mode, a word will hold three 6-bit BCD alphanumeric characters. ARITHMETIC UNIT Incl. Stor. Access Microsec Add 36 Mult 288 Div 495 Construction (Arithmetic unit only) Transistors and diodes. Arithmetic mode Parallel Timing Synchronous Operation Central Processor Sequential Total System Concurrent STORAGE No. of Access Medium Words Microsec Magnetic Core 4,096; 8,192, 16,384 18 Magnetic Disk 98,304 (max) A maximum of 32 disk storage units/system are possible. Magnetic Tape Access time is the minimum instruction-execution time and includes word regeneration for future use. Magnetic Tape No. of units that can be connected 64 Units No. of chars/linear inch 200 or 556 Chars/inch Channels or tracks on the tape 7 Track/tape Blank tape separating each record 0.75 Inches Tape speed 75 Inches/sec Transfer rate 15,000 or 41,667 Chars/sec Start and stop time, total 12 Millisec Average time for experienced operator to change reel of tape 30 - 60 Seconds max Physical properties of tape Width 0.5 Inches Length of reel 1,200 or 2,400 Feet Composition Mylar There are two magnetic tape models, the MTH 680, with a 15,000 char/sec transfer rate (200 bits/inch density), and the MTH 690, with 15,000 or 41,667 char sec transfer rate (200/556 bits/inch density). Tapes can be read forward or backward. Tape units may read or write in either decimal or binary modes. Tape formats are compatible with popular competitive tape decimal and binary formats used in the industry. INPUT Medium Speed Punched Card Readers 400 or 1,000 cards/min (2 models, binary or decimal)(Hollerith). Paper Tape Reader 250 or 1,000 chars/sec Reads 5, 6, 7, or 8 level tape. Magnetic Tape 15,000 or 41,667 chars/sec Magnetic Disk 62,500 chars/sec Datanet-15 75 to 1,600 bits/sec Document Handler 1,200 doc/min (Check sorter) Typewriter Manual (Standard feature OUTPUT Medium Speed Punched Card 100 or 300 cards/min (2 models, binary or decimal (Hollerith)). Magnetic Tape 15,000 or 41,600 chars/sec Magnetic Disk 62,500 chars see Datanet-15 75 to 1,600 bits/sec High-Speed Printer 900 lines/min (On-line) (On-line or off-line printer is available). Paper Tape 110 chars/sec Punches 5 or 6, 7, 8 level codes. Typewriter 10 chars/sec (Standard) Under control of central processor. Cards may be read intermixed on the GE-225 - 400 and 1,000 cards/min readers. The disk storage units are available in 4, 8, 12, or 16 disk modules. Datanet-30 data communication processor, Datanet-90 magnetic tape-to-computer terminal (input only for on-line use), and special digital I/0 devices (Datanets-60, 61, 62, 63) may also be connected to the GE-225 through individual channels. A GE 300 line minute on-line printer operating through the N register is available. This printer is ideal for low volume print requirements, such as in scientific applications. A 900 line/minute, 160 column on-line printer also is available. Up to eleven GE-225 input/output devices can operate simultaneously while computing because of a unique design concept whereby (1) each major I/0 device controls itself and executes its own I/0 commands, and (2) access to memory is time shared by all peripherals without conflict. The card reader and card punch access memory through their respective channels. The paper tape reader and punch and console typewriter access memory through a special channel. In addition, a choice of peripherals (magnetic tapes, printers, disk storage units, auxiliary arithmetic unit, etc.) access memory through eight other input output channels. CIRCUIT ELEMENTS OF ENTIRE SYSTEM A typical GE-225 system with 8,192 words of core storage includes the following components: More than 1,500 parts Over 1,000 circuit boards 10,000 transistors 186,000 magnetic cores 20,000 diodes 12,000 capacitors 15,000 resistors To assure reliability and performance, each system receives over 3,500 manhours of assembling and testing before shipment. CHECKING FEATURES The central processor and each peripheral input output subsystem has complete fixed checking features. POWER, SPACE, WEIGHT, AND SITE PREPARATION Power, computer 16 KVA (Approximate for typical system). Room size 1,200 sq ft (Typical system) -PRODUCTION RECORD Time required for delivery 3 to 12 months (Depending on configuration of system). PERSONNEL REQUIREMENTS Training made available by the manufacturer to the user includes specialized training courses. ADDITIONAL FEATURES AND REMARKS Complete hardware and software compatibility allows a user to grow economically and flexible in the GE-215/225/235 series as his processing needs expand. COST, PRICE AND RENTAL RATES
CLASS MODEL
NUMBER
IDENTITY OF UNIT MONTHLY
RENTAL
PURCHASE
Central
Processor
. CENTRAL PROCESSOR, CONSOLE, and TYPEWRITER
Without Controller Selector
$ $
. CA225C 4,096 words of core storage 1,900 135,000
. CB225D 8,192 words of core storage 2,500 165,000
. CC225B 16,384 words of core storage 3,900 221,000
. . With Controller Selector . .
. CA225B 4,096 words of core storage 2,900 145,000
. CB225C 8,192 words of core storage 3,500 175,000
. CC225A 16,384 words of core storage 4,900 231,000
. . Optional Features . .
. . Move Command 75 3,300
. . Automatic Interrupt 75 3,800
. . 3-Way Compare, Decimal Addition & Subtraction, and
. . Additional Address Modification Groups 200 4,410
. . Real Time Clock 75 3,600
. X225 A Auxiliary Arithmetic Unit 650 32,500
Storage . CORE STORAGE: included in Central Processor
. M640A Disk Storage Unit - Available in 4, 8, 12 or 16 disks 1,725 76,000
Input-
Output
. PAPER TAPE PUNCH & READER . .
. GA651-A With Spooler 490 22,000
. GA651B Without Spooler 440 19,800
. . CARD READER & CONTROLLER . .
. D225B 400 cards/min model 375 18,350
. D225C 1,000 cards/min model 810 32,400
. . CARD PUNCH & CONTROLLER . .
. B225K 100 cards/min model 400 21,460
. E225M 300 cards/min model 825 41,150
. . HIGH SPEED PRINTER & CONTROLLER . .
. P225A Standard On-Line 1,275 61,500
. P225C On-Line with FORTRAN character set 1,295 61,950
. PA690A On/Off-Line, for 200 chars/inch tape 2,950 137,250
. PA690B On/Off-Line, for 200 or 556 chars/inch tape 3,500 157,500
. P225D On-Line 300 lines/min Printer 700 33,000
. . MAGNETIC TAPE HANDLERS . .
. MTH680 Dual 15,000 chars/sec 850 33,000
. MTH690 Dual 15,000/41,600 chars/sec 1,300 47,850
. DTC901 DATANET-15 690 30,000
. S12B Magnetic Ink Document Handler 1,750 87,500
Controllers N225B Disk Storage Unit Controller 900 46,250
. . MAGNETIC TAPE CONTROLLER . .
. MTC680 For 15,000 chars/sec 800 37,500
. MTC690 For 15,000/41,600 chars/sec 1,030 46,350
. . MAGNETIC INK DOCUMENT HANDLER ADAPTERS . .
. SA225A For 1 Handler 540 21,600
. SA225B For 2 Handlers 680 27,200
PURCHASE PRICE TYPICAL SYSTEM - - - $ 400,000 LEASE RATE TYPICAL SYSTEM $ 8,000 - - - Size inches) Weight
Component Width Depth Height Weight
(pounds)
Central Processor and Control Console (with 4K or 8K memory, typewriter, and card reader) 161 3/4 87 3/8 76 2100
Additional 8K Memory 35 32 1/8 76 720
Magnetic Tape Handler - Dual Rack 24 32 1/8 76 690
. . . . . . - Single Rack 24 32 1/8 76 400
Magnetic Tape Controller 35 32 1/8 76 808
High Speed Printer 40 1/8 25 3/4 50 1/2 850
Printer Controller 40 1/8 32 1/8 76 858
Card Reader (1000 CPM) 47 33 37 450
Card Punch 35 33 47.5 465
Paper Tape Reader and Punch - GE Free Standing 38 3/16 30 61 250
Auxiliary Arithmetic Unit 75 1/8 32 1/8 76 1152
Document Handler - 12 Pocket 176 28 42 2255
Document Handler Adapter 40 1/8 32 1/8 76 910
Mass Random Access Data Storage 71 37 7/8 63 1/4 2050
MRADS Controller 40 1/8 32 76 700
MRADS Electronics 40 1/8 32 1/8 76 450


BRL 1964, GE 235, starting page 0106
 

GE 235

MANUFACTURER General Electric Company Photo by General Electric Company APPLICATIONS The GE-235 is a medium-scale, solid-state information processing system that is adaptable for handling a wide range of business and scientific applications. The GE-235 is the most powerful member of General Electric "compatible" growth computers and features an all new high-speed auxiliary arithmetic unit that permits problems with floating point calculations to run 12 to 18 times faster on the GE-235 than on the GE 215 and GE 225 systems. The GE-235 is completely hardware and program compatible with both the GE-215 and GE-225 systems. With an internal speed three times as fast as the GE-225 and a wide range of proven programs and compilers, the GE-235 permits a logical growth step and increased throughput per investment dollar, starting with the GE-215 up through the GE-225. Up to ten GE-235 input/output devices can operate simultaneously while computing because of the same unique design concept embodied in the GE-215 and GE-225 whereby (1) each major I/0 device controls itself and executes its own 1/0 commands, and (2) access to memory is time shared by all peripherals without conflict. This simultaneity, plus complete hardware and software compatibility with the GE-215 and GE-225, provide a user maximum throughput efficiency per system investment dollar. The card reader and punch can access memory through their respective channels. The paper tape reader and punch and input/output typewriter can car. access memory through a special channel. In addition, other peripheral devices (printer, magnetic tape, etc.) can access memory through seven other input/output channels. PROGRAMMING AND NUMERICAL SYSTEM Internal number system Binary coded decimal Binary digits/word 20 Binary digits/instruction 20 Instructions/word 1 Instructions decoded Over 300 instructions available. Arithmetic system Fixed and floating point Floating point is available either by subroutine or optional Auxiliary Arithmetic Unit. Instruction type One address Number range single word (± 524,287) double words (± 274,877,906,943) Instruction word format +------+--------------+---------+ | 0 4 | 5 6 | 7 19 | +------+--------------+---------+ | OP | Address | Operand | | Code | Modification | Address | +------+--------------+---------+ Automatic built-in subroutines Automatic priority logic for simultaneous operations. Automatic coding GECOM - A General Compiler, in English, with a COBOL language foundation. It includes many ALGOL features (subscripting, evaluation of Boolean and algebraic expressions, floating point calculations, etc.). GECOM accepts a source program from cards or magnetic tape and produces an object program on either media. TABSOL - TABular Systems Oriented Language. Allows source programs to be described in tabular form. It is a structure technique used to describe the step-by-step decision logic in the process of solving a problem. WIZ - An Algebraic Compiler. FORTRAN II (Card Input/Output) FORTRAN II (Tapes) GAP - The General Assembly Program Simulators for the IBM 650 and LGP 30 Supervisory Programs include BRIDGE. A report generator includes REPORT WRITER. Registers and B-Boxes A - An accumulator Q - Used with A for double length arithmetic opns. B - Buffer register M - Information transfer register for data transfers to or from memory AU- Arithmetic unit N - Buffer register for paper tape equipment and console typewriter I - Instruction register X - Address modification words P - Instruction address counter An optional feature to the central processor is single or double - length addition and subtraction on decimal data (six-bit BCD form). Other optional central processor features include additional address modification groups ( 4 words each group, 31 groups), three-way compare, move command provides high-speed block data transfers, automatic program interrupt (for priority program processing), and a real-time clock (useful for timing and logging operations). One binary word is the equivalent of 5 1/2 decimal digits. In BCD mode, a word will hold three 6-bit BCD alphanumeric characters. ARITHMETIC UNIT Incl. Stor. Access Microsec Add 12 Mult 84 Div 95 Construction (Arithmetic unit only) Transistors and diodes. Arithmetic mode Parallel Timing Synchronous Operation Central Processor Sequential Total System Concurrent STORAGE No. of Access Medium Words Microsec Magnetic Core 4,096; 8,192, 16,384 6 Magnetic Disk 98,304 (max) A maximum of 32 disk storage units/system are possible. Magnetic Tape Access time is the minimum instruction-execution time and includes word regeneration for future use. Magnetic Tape No. of units that can be connected 56 Units No. of chars/linear inch 556 Chars/inch Channels or tracks on the tape 7 Track/tape Blank tape separating each record 0.75 Inches Tape speed 75 Inches/sec Transfer rate 15,000 or 41,667 Chars/sec Start and stop time, total 12 Millisec Average time for experienced operator to change reel of tape 30 - 60 Seconds max Physical properties of tape Width 0.5 Inches Length of reel 1,200 or 2,400 Feet Composition Mylar There are two magnetic tape models, the MTH 680, with a 15,000 char/sec transfer rate (200 bits/inch density), and the MTH 690, with 15,000 or 41,667 char sec transfer rate (200/556 bits/inch density). Tapes can be read forward or backward. Tape units may read or write in either decimal or binary modes. Tape formats are compatible with popular competitive tape decimal and binary formats used in the industry. INPUT Medium Speed Punched Card Readers 400 or 1,000 cards/min (2 models, binary or decimal)(Hollerith). Paper Tape Reader 250 or 1,000 chars/sec Reads 5, 6, 7, or 8 level tape. Magnetic Tape 15,000 or 41,667 chars/sec Magnetic Disk 62,500 chars/sec Datanet-15 75 to 1,600 bits/sec Document Handler 1,200 doc/min (Check sorter) Typewriter Manual (Standard feature OUTPUT Medium Speed Punched Card 100 or 300 cards/min (2 models, binary or decimal (Hollerith)). Magnetic Tape 15,000 or 41,600 chars/sec Magnetic Disk 62,500 chars see Datanet-15 75 to 1,600 bits/sec High-Speed Printer 900 lines/min (On-line) (On-line or off-line printer is available). Paper Tape 110 chars/sec Punches 5 or 6, 7, 8 level codes. Typewriter 10 chars/sec (Standard) Cards may be read intermixed on the GE-235 - 400 and 1,000 cards/min readers. The disk storage units are available in 4, 8, 12, or 16 disk modules. Data communications and special equipment used on the GE-215 may also be used on the GE-235. Magnetic tape, disk storage, Datanet, printers and special input/output equipment operate through a single access controller selector. Additional peripheral load efficiency and greater simultaneous use of peripherals is available through use of the optional Dual Access Controller Selector. CIRCUIT ELEMENTS OF ENTIRE SYSTEM A typical GE-235 system with 8,192 words of core storage includes the following components: More than 1,500 parts 20,000 diodes Over 1,000 circuit boards 12,000 capacitors 10,000 transistors 15,000 resistors 186,000 magnetic cores To assure reliability and performance, each system receives over 3,500 manhours of assembling and testing before shipment. CHECKING FEATURES The central processor and each peripheral input/output subsystem has complete fixed checking features. POWER, SPACE, WEIGHT, AND SITE. PREPARATION Power, computer 10 KVA Room size 1,170 sq ft Approximate floor space needed for typical system. PRODUCTION RECORD Time required for delivery 14 months PERSONNEL REQUIREMENTS Specialized training courses are provided as required. ADDITIONAL FEATURES AND REMARKS Complete hardware and software compatibility allows a user to grow economically and flexibly in the GE-215/225/235 series as his processing needs expand. From the GE-215 up through the GE-235, a user receives a six-fold increase in processing throughput for only a 15-20% increase in his system investment.
CLASS MODEL
NUMBER
IDENTITY OF UNIT MONTHLY
RENTAL
PURCHASE
Central
Processor
CA 235 CENTRAL PROCESSOR, CONSOLE, and INPUT TYPEWRITER$ 2,880 $ - - -
. . Controller Selector
. CSS235 Single Access 1,000 24,000
. CSD235 Dual Access 2,280 54,700
. . Optional Features
. . Move Command 95 4,500
. . Automatic Interrupt 95 4,500
. . 3-Way Compare, Decimal Addition & Subtraction, and Additional Address Modification Groups 245 4,900
. . Real Time Clock 95 4,400
. AAU235 Auxiliary Arithmetic Unit 1,500 60,000
Internal
Storage
. CORE STORAGE
. MM235A 4,096 word locations 670 32,200
. MM235B 8,192 word locations 1,300 62,400
. M4235C 16,384 word locations 2,420 108,900
. M640A Disk Storage Unit - Available in 4, 8, 12 or 16 disks 1,725 76,000
Input
Output
. PAPER TAPE PUNCH & READER
. GA651A With Spooler 490 22,000
. GA651B Without Spooler 440 19,800
. . CARD READER & CONTROLLER
. CRC235 400 cards/minute 375 18,350
. CRD235 1,500 cards/minute 810 32,400
. . CARD PUNCH & CONTROLLER
. CPA235 100 cards/minute 400 21,460
. CPD235 300 cards/minute 825 41,150
. . HIGH-SPEED PRINTER & CONTROLLER
. P225A Standard On-Line Model 1,275 61,500
. P225C On-Line, with FORTRAN Character Set 1,295 61,950
. PA690A On/Off-Line, for 200 chars/inch tape 2,950 137,250
. PA690B On/Off Line, for 200 or 556 chars/inch tape 3,500 157,500
. . Optional Features
. . Printer Plotter Feature 140 10,000
. . Dual Magnetic Tape Handlers
. MTH680 15,000 chars/sec 850 33,000
. MTH690 15,000/41,667 chars/sec 1,300 47,850
. S12B Magnetic Ink Document Handler 1,750 87,500
. DTC901 DATARET-15 690 30,000
Controller W-25B Mass Random Access Data Storage Controller 900 46,250
. . MAGNETIC TAPE CONTROLLERS
. MTC680 For 15,000 chars/sec 800 37,500
. WC690 For 15,000/41,667 chars/sec 1,030 46,350
. . MAGNETIC INK DOCUMENT HANDLER ADAPTERS
. SA225A For 1 Handler 540 21,600
. SA225B For 2 Handlers 680 27,200
. . Peripheral Switch Control Console 180 - -
. . Peripheral Switch Unit 95 - -
PURCHASE PRICE Typical System - - $ 475,000 LEASE RATE Typical System $10,900 - - -

BRL 1964, GE 235, starting page 0109
 
 









BRL 1964, GE 312 GARDE, starting page 0110
 
 
GE 312 GARDE
Gathers Alarms Records Displays Evaluates

MANUFACTURER
General Electric Company


Diagram by General Electric Company

APPLICATIONS
A fully transistorized data processing system which monitors plant 
equipment such as boiler-turbine-generator units. The GAME system has 
four (4) principal parts: 
   (a) Process Input Section, 
   (b) Central Computer Section,
   (c) Operator Control Section and 
   (d) Program Control Section.
The system scans plant sensors, warns of off-limit conditions, prepares a 
log, and displays pertinent information.

The system does not directly implement any control actions. The GARDE 
System is a particular application of the GE-312 digital computer. 
The central processor, input/output, peripherals, and scanner distribution 
which make up the 312 GARDE System are applicable to industrial processes 
requiring on-line data logging, monitoring, and controlling operations.

BRL 1964, GE 312 GARDE, starting page 0111
 
 

PROGRAMMING AND NUMERICAL SYSTEM
Internal number system             Binary
Binary digits/word                 20
Binary digits/instruction          20
Instructions/word                   1
Instructions decoded               Over 60
Arithmetic system                  Fixed point
Instruction type                    1 or 1+1 address
The single address mode or the 1+1 mode are select
able under program control.
Number range                       19 bits + sign
 Are equivalent to decimal 524,287. 
Instruction word format
+---------+-------+--------+--------+------+------+
| 0     2 | 3   9 | 10  16 | 17     | 18   |  19  |
+---------+-------+--------+--------+------+------+
| Command | Track | Sector | Single | Auto.| Sign |
|         |       |        | or 1+1 |Modifi|      |
|         |       |        |        |cation|      |
+---------+-------+--------+--------+------+------+

+---------+--------+-------+------+
| 0    16 | 17     | 18    | 19   |
+---------+--------+-------+------+
| Command | Single | Auto. | Sign |
|         | or 1+1 |Modifi-|      |
|         |        |cation |      |
+---------+--------+-------+------+
+---------+-----------+--------+-------+------+
| 0    11 | 12     16 | 17     | 18    | 19   |
+---------+-----------+--------+-------+------+
| Command | Length of | Single | Auto. | Sign |
|         | Shift     | or 1+1 |Modifi-|      |
|         |           |        |cation |      |
+---------+-----------+--------+-------+------+

+---------+-----------+--------+-------+------+
| 0     6 | 7      16 | 17     | 18    | 19   |
+---------+-----------+--------+-------+------+
| Command | Constant  | Single | Auto. | Sign |
|         |           | or 1+1 |Modifi-|      |
|         |           |        |cation |      |
+---------+-----------+--------+-------+------+
 
Automatic Coding  
Automatic Address Modification 
Registers and B-Boxes  
A - Accumulator  
Q - Supplementary to A  
a - Instruction Register  
B - Next Instruction Register  
X - Auto Modification & Program Flow
N, C, I - Buffer Registers between Computer and I/0 

ARITHMETIC UNIT
          Incl. Stor. Access   Excl. Stor.Access
          Microsec             Microsec
Add        196                   98
Mult     2,156                2,054
Div      2,646                2,544
Construction (Arithmetic unit only)
 Transistors and Diodes
Arithmetic mode              Serial
Timing                       Synchronous
Operation                    Sequential

STORAGE
               No. of Bin.    No. of Digits    Access
 Medium        Words          Word             Microsec
Drum Memory      8,832 to       20              6,250
                55,936

 INPUT
 Medium                   Speed           Remarks
Computer Console        98 microsec/display
(20 binary control switches)
Paper Tape Reader       20 chars/sec      (8 channel)

OUTPUT
Medium                    Speed
Computer Console         98 microsec/display
(20 binary control switches)
Electric Typewriter      10 chars/sec
Prints in Red or Black.
Paper Tape               20 chars/sec
(Operating thru typewiter 8 chars/sec)
 Alarm Printer 10 chars/sec

CIRCUIT ELEMENTS OF ENTIRE SYSTEM
                Quantity
Tubes               0
Diodes          2,500
Transistors     2,500
Magnetic Cores      0
Resistors      12,000

CHECKING FEATURES
Fixed checking features include an odd-bit parity error check to insure the 
proper functioning of the drum memory.

Optional checking features include a self-checking program to identify and 
locate equipment malfunctions.

POWER, SPACE, WEIGHT, AND SITE PREPARATION
Power, computer and air conditioner
 7- 10 Kw 0.85- 1.0 pf 230115 Volt 60 cycle/sec
Dimensions, central processor  105 x 76 x 26"
Dimensions, Scanner & I/0 Cabinets 140 x 76 x 26"
Capacity, air conditioner           3/4 - 1 Ton
Room Size                  400 to 1,000 sq ft
Weight, computer           7,000 lbs
Seven cabinets: 3 for central processor, 4 for I/0 and Scanner.

Site preparation requirements
Air conditioner is an integral part of computer.
Conduits are required for wiring to instrumentation.
Building requirements include standard fire protection, and adequate 
lighting.
Utilities include 230/115 Volt + l0%; 60 cycle ± 1%

PRODUCTION RECORD
Number produced to date  5

COST, PRICE AND RENTAL RATES
Central Processor w/Input-Output Cabinets approximate purchase price of 
$275,000.00. Additional equipment:
numeric typewriter, digital clock, paper tape reader and paper tape punch 
approximate purchase price of $25,000.00.
Maintenance Contracts are recommended with each system. Cost varies with 
the particular system. Contract cost is roughly between $500 to $850/month.

PERSONNEL REQUIREMENTS
The GARDE System is a pre-programmed and pre-engineered system and unless 
program changes are desired, personnel requirements are almost nil.
Training made available by the manufacturer to the user includes a concepts 
course, a maintenance training course, and a programming course.






BRL 1964, GE 412, starting page 0112
 


GE 412
MANUFACTURER
General Electric Company

  

Typical GE 412 Data Logging and Monitoring System  Diagram by General Electric Company
(Utility--power plants)


APPLICATIONS
Designed for logging, monitoring and control of industrial and utility processes.
This binary number base computer system features time-shared magnetic core storage,
 magnetic drum backup bulk storage, solid-state circuitry through-put, 
over 100 basic commands, parallel operation, automatic program interrupt, 
variable time counters, and rugged construction for industrial environments.

PROGRAMMING AND NUMERICAL SYSTEM
Internal unumber system       Binary
Binary digits/word            20
Binary digits/instruction     20
Instructions/word              1
Instructions decoded          Over 100
Arithmetic system             Fixed point
Instruction type              One address
Number range                  -524,287 to + 524,287


BRL 1964, GE 412, starting page 0113
 


 Relationship of Main Sections of the GE 412 Central Processor

Diagram by General Electric Company

Automatic built-in subroutines
   Automatic Priority Interrupt
   Variable Elapse Time Counters
Automatic coding
   Automatic Address Modification
Registers and B-Boxes
 A and Q Arithmetic Registers
 B and W Buffer Registers
 Z - Information Transfer Register
 P - Program Address Register
 I - Instruction Register (3)

ARITHMETIC UNIT
           Incl. Stor. Access        Excl. Stor. Access
           Microsec                  Microsec
Add           40                       20
Construction (Arithmetic unit only)  Transistors and Diodes
Arithmetic mode           Parallel
Timing                    Synchronous
Operation                 Concurrent

STORAGE
                No. of        No. of        Access
 Medium         Words         Digits        Microsec
 Magnetic Core   4,096 or      20              20
                 8,192
 Magnetic Drum  16,384 to      20
                57,344

Magnetic Tape
 No. of units that can be connected      20 Units
No. of chars/linear inch                200 Chars/inch
Channels or tracks on the tape            8 Track/tape
Transfer rate                        15,000 Chars/sec
Physical properties of tape
 Width                                    0.5 Inches
 Length of reel                       2,400 Feet
 Composition                             Mylar

INPUT
Medium           Speed               Remarks
Paper Tape       100 chars/sec     8 channel
Console
 Communication with process

 OUTPUT
Medium                Speed          Remarks
Paper Tape Punch    100 chars/sec    8 channel
Console
Communication with process
Column Printer       11 numeric chars (Parallel)
                          line
Typewriter            8 chars/sec  (Alphanumeric)

POWER, SPACE, WEIGHT, AND SITE PREPARATION
(Power, computer      7-10 Kw 0.85-1.0 Pf
(Power, air conditioner
230/115 volt+lO%, 60 cycles/sec ± l% single phase


BRL 1964, GE 412, starting page 0114
 



Dimension, Computer, 140" x 77" x 27"
(Central Processor)
Capacity, Air Conditioner 3/4 to 1 ton
 Integral part of each cabinet
Room Size 400 to 1,000 sq ft
PRODUCTION RECORD
Number produced to date 11
Time required for delivery 6 to 14 months
COST, PRICE AND RENTAL RATES
Maintenance contracts are recommended with each particular system. Cost 
varys from $ 500 to $ 850 per
month.

PERSONNEL REQUIREMENTS
Training made available by the manufacturer to the user includes a concepts 
course, a product service training
course, and a programming course.


ADDITIONAL FEATURES AND REMARKS
Automatic Priority Interrupt Elapsed Time Counters Program Variable Time 
Control





BRL 1964, GE 412, starting page 0115
 



System Input-Output Functional Configuration


 
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